It is the principal city of the Tuscaloosa Metropolitan Statistical Area, which includes Tuscaloosa, Hale and Pickens counties.
In 2013 its estimated metro population was 235,628.
Tuscaloosa served as Alabama's capital city from 1826 to 1846.
Like some of the generations before them, they built large earthwork mounds in planned sites that expressed their cosmology.In 2008, the City of Tuscaloosa hosted the USA Olympic Triathlon trials for the Beijing Games.In recent years, Tuscaloosa has been named the "Most Livable City in America", one of America's "100 Best Communities for Young People", one of the "50 Best College Towns", and one of the "Best Places to Launch a Small Business".Descendant Native American tribes include the Creek or Muskogee people.
Also among the historical tribes living in the area of present-day Alabama at the time of European contact were the Iroquoian-speaking Cherokee in the interior, believed to have migrated south centuries before from the Great Lakes area.Their large earthworks, built for political and religious rituals roughly from 900AD to 1500AD, expressed their cosmology.