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However, Puerto Rico does have one non-voting member of the House called a Resident Commissioner. Like other territories and the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico does not have U. The outstanding bond debt had climbed to billion at a time of an unemployment rate of 12.4%.
The debt had been increasing during a decade-long recession.
Juan Ponce de León, a lieutenant under Columbus, founded the first Spanish settlement, Caparra, on August 8, 1508.
He later served as the first governor of the island.
Meanwhile, in the island's interior, there developed a mixed and independent peasantry that relied on a subsistence economy.
This mostly unsupervised population supplied villages and settlements with foodstuffs and, in relative isolation, set the pattern for what later would be known as the Puerto Rican Jíbaro culture.
Despite the Laws of Burgos of 1512 and other decrees for the protection of the indigenous population, some Taíno Indians were forced into an encomienda system of forced labor in the early years of colonization.
empowered by a papal bull that authorized any course of action necessary for the expansion of the Spanish Empire and the Christian faith.
From the beginning of the country, the colonial administration relied heavily on the industry of enslaved Africans and creole blacks for public works and defenses, primarily in coastal ports and cities, where the tiny colonial population had hunkered down.
With no significant industries or large-scale agricultural production as yet, enslaved and free communities lodged around the few littoral settlements, particularly around San Juan, also forming lasting Afro-creole communities.
Puerto Ricans have been citizens of the United States since 1917, and enjoy freedom of movement between the island and the mainland. Puerto Rico's future political status has consistently been a matter of significant debate.
As it is not a state, Puerto Rico does not have a vote in the United States Congress, which governs the territory with full jurisdiction under the Puerto Rico Federal Relations Act of 1950. territory, American citizens in Puerto Rico are disenfranchised at the national level and do not vote for the president or vice president of the United States, nor pay federal income tax on Puerto Rican income. Congress approved a local constitution in 1952, allowing U. In early 2017, the Puerto Rican government-debt crisis posed serious problems for the government.
They subsisted by hunting and fishing, done generally by men, as well as by the women's gathering and processing of indigenous cassava root and fruit. When Columbus arrived in Puerto Rico during his second voyage on November 19, 1493, the island was inhabited by the Taíno.