Literary updating west
This is the native name of the state, literally meaning "western Bengal" in the native Bengali language.
In August 2016 the West Bengal Legislative Assembly passed another resolution to change the name of West Bengal to "Bengal" in English, and "Bangla" in Bengali.
In the 16thcentury, Mughal general Islam Khan conquered Bengal.
Administration by governors appointed by the court of the Mughal Empire gave way to semi-independence under the Nawabs of Murshidabad, who nominally respected the sovereignty of the Mughals in Delhi.
In 1947, the Bengal Legislative Council and the Bengal Legislative Assembly voted on the Partition of Bengal along religious lines into two separate entities: West Bengal, a state of India, and East Bengal, a province of Pakistan which later became the independent Bangladesh.
The Koch dynasty in northern Bengal flourished during the 16th and 17thcentury.
West Bengal includes the Darjeeling Himalayan hill region, the Ganges delta, the Rarh region, and the coastal Sundarbans.
The main ethnic group is the Bengalis, with Bengali Hindus forming the demographic majority.
It was ruled by dynasties of the Bengal Sultanate and feudal lords under the Delhi Sultanate for the next few hundred years.
The Bengal Sultanate was interrupted for twenty years by a Hindu uprising under Raja Ganesha.The Bengal Presidency was established in 1765; it later incorporated all British-controlled territory north of the Central Provinces (now Madhya Pradesh), from the mouths of the Ganges and the Brahmaputra to the Himalayas and the Punjab.